The Villefranche Oceanographic Laboratory (Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche-sur-Mer - LOV) was created in January 2001, through a merger of two world-renown units, the Laboratoire d'Océanographie Biologique et Écologie du Plancton Marin (LOBEPM) and the Villefranche branch of the Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie Marines (LPCM). Learn more about the history of the Villefranche laboratories here. . The Lab's current contract (2014-2018) defines its statute as a research and teaching unit of both the Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) and the French National Science Center (CNRS). Within the CNRS, the LOV is in the administrative division of the National Institute of Sciences of the Universe (INSU). However, some of the research themes link the laboratory to the CNRS Institute of Ecology and the Environment (InEE).
LOV staff missions include carrying out basic research, teaching and training, as well as observation and documentation of the marine environment. The three research groups of the LOV share the multi-disciplinary approach required of biological, chemical and physical oceanography.
The over-arching goal of the Marine Optics and Remote Sensing Group is to understand, interpret, and model the optical properties of the ocean and their variability. The larger scientific context is biogeochemical cycles and the ecophysiology of phytoplankton. Our research is directed toward characterizing and quantifying general principles, as well as developing novel techniques and instruments which are required to inform our knowledge of the existing marine environment and future changes. We actively participate, through the development and application of new scientific tools and instruments, to cutting edge efforts of ocean observation currently underway which attempt to quantify our knowledge of marine systems and improve the development of predictive models.
Our research activities fall within two broad categories or themes: (i) Observation, (ii) Instruments and Applications.
Main tasks in the project
LOV will be involved in the project in the work package leader of WP4 ‘Coastal waters’.
The aim of WP4 is to assess the fate of organic matter (OMt; both particulate and dissolved) released into coastal waters by permafrost thaw in the past and the future and quantify how it is impacted by the increasing amounts of terrestrial organic matter supplied to the Arctic Ocean because of accelerating permafrost thaw, increased plant growth in catchments, and increasing freshwater discharge. LOV will contribute to determine the amount and quality of riverine OMt supplied to the Arctic Ocean and its fate using in situ measurements and remote sensing. In situ measurements will allow characterizing OMt in the coastal Arctic Ocean and documenting its reactivity, as well as developing optical remote sensing algorithms. Remote sensing will then be used to document spatial and temporal trends in OMt that can be scaled up for large scale analyses.
LOV-OMTAB staff involved in Nunataryuk
PI in WP4
Dr. David Doxaran
Engineer within WP4
Dr. Edouard Leymarie